Exam I

Exam II

Exam III

Exam IV

History & Geography Quiz

Tasker: ISIL 2017

Tasker: Guatemala 1953

Tasker: The Nuclear World

Writing for POLT 562



Lesson 1

Lesson 2

Lesson 3

Lesson 4

Lesson 22 Sep

Power Point (Decision Making)

Power Point (President)

Power Point (Congress)

Power Point (Diplomacy and State)

Power Point (Nuclear)

Power Point (Terrorism)

Power Point (NATO)

Power Point (Russia)

Power Point (East Asia)

Power Point (Morality)

Power Point (Military Technology)

Power Point (Cyberwar)

Power Point (Cyberwar - McArdle)

Ingram, vu-graph, "Primary Objectives"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Specific Objectives"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Bounded Rational Thought"

Ingram, “Policy”

Ingram, “A Useful Concept of Causation”

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of National Interest and Goals," pp. 1-3

Caldwell, Chapter 1, "The Meaning of Security Today"

Snyder, "One World, Rival Theories," Foreign Policy

Ingram, vu-graph, "Strategy is a Plan"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Span from Grand Strategy to Tactics"

Ingram, vu-graph, "What is a National Security Strategy?"

Ingram, vu-graph, "A Spectrum of Conflict"

Ikenberry, "America's Imperial Ambition

Haass, “Where to go From Here: Rebooting American Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2017

Ingram, vu-graph: "Policy"

Ingram, "Bounded Rational Policy Analysis"

Unknown, "Political Socialization"

Jervis, an outline from Perception and Misperception in International Relations, Chapter 4, "Cognitive Consistency and the Interaction between Theory and Data," and Chapter 6, "How Decision-Makers Learn from History," pp. 3-5

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of National Interest and Goals"

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of Causation"

Ingram, “Policy”

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of Power"

Jordan, Chapter 1, "The International Setting," pp. 14-18

Jordan, Chapter 13, "Military Power," pp. 271-275


Ingram, “When Thinking about Military Intervention”

Al Jazeera English, “Syria’s Allies and Enemies at a Glance,” August 2013

Wikipedia, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, sections 1-3 and 8-10

Brookings, Pillar, “ISIS in Perspective,” 25 August 2014

Brookings, Hein, “The Big Questions on ISIS,” 7 November 2014

BBC, "What is "Islamic State'?" 29 July 2015

NYT, Blinken, "The Islamic State is Not Dead Yet," 9 July 2017

Stratfor, Stewart, "Down but Not Out," 20 July 2017

NYT, Hubbard and Schmitt, "Isis, Despite Heavy Losses, Still Inspires Global Attacks," 8 July 2017

The Economist, "No one knows what will replace the so-call caliphate," 6 July 2017

Ingram, vu-graph, "Strategy is a Plan"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Primacy of Politics and Goals"

Ingram, "Clausewitz, National Security Strategy, Military Strategy, and War"

Moran, Chapter 1, "Strategic Theory and the History of War," pp. 26-32, "Clausewitz and the modernization of war"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Concepts of Victory and Military Victory"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Limited War"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Cost/Benefit Analysis"

Spinicci's maps

Wikipedia, "Korean War," Sections 2 & 3

War in the Pacific after 1944

Map: WW II: Pacific Theater

Ingram, vu-graphs: "The Pluralist Description of Decision-Making"

Gray, Chapter 1, "The Dimensions of Strategy"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Equation"

Ingram, "The Primacy of Politics and Goals"

Ingram, "Considerations for the Use of Military Force"

Jordan, Chapter 13, "Military Power," pp. 281-284


March 11, 1952-National Intelligence Estimate

February 13, 1953-Letter From the Ambassador to Guatemala (Schoenfeld) to the Secretary of State's Special Assistant for Intelligence (Armstrong)

September 11, 1953-Memorandum for Director of Central Intelligence (Smith)

2010, Project on National Security Reform, "Reversing the Revolution"

Jordan, Chapter 13, "Military Power," pp. 275-277

Ingram, vu-graph: "Deterrence"

Ingram, vu-graph, "How Deterrence Differs from Mutual Assured Deterrence"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Compellence"

Unconditional Surrender, Iokibe, pages 25-36 & 42-53 (Useful, but not required reading)

Ingram, vu-graph, "Prevention and Preemption"

Jordan, Chapter 14, "Asymmetric Conflict, Terrorism, and Preemption," pp. 303-308

Secretary of State Powell’s Addresses the U.N. Security Council, February 5, 2003 

Ingram, vu-graph, "Diplomacy"                  

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Functions of Diplomacy"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Dealing with Other States"    

Ingram, vu-graph, "Crisis Management"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Coercive Diplomacy"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Conflict Management"  

Freedman and Karsh, "How Kuwait Was Won: Strategy in the Gulf War," International Security, Autumn 1991

Map of the Middle East

Cox and Hurst, "George Bush and the Diplomacy of German Integration"

Wittig, Europe-Asia Studies, "Moscow’s Acceptance of NATO" (1993)

BBC: Europe 1989-1991

"Nuclear Order of Battle, 1962"

Lebow, Chapter 6, We All Lost the Cold War

Schwarz, The Atlantic

Gavin, National Interest, "Lessons from the Cuban Missile Crisis," 26 Oct 2012

Jordan, Chapter 4, "The Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch"

Sophie White, "Presidential Leadership," 2015

Ingram, "Leadership and Management"

Jordan, Chapter 5, "Congress"

Pfiffiner, Chapter 6, "The President and National Security," pp. 186-199

Jordan, Chapter 5, "Congress," pp. 116-121

NYT OPED by Baker and Christopher

NYT article on White House defense of Libya

NYT editorial on Libya 

Jordan, Chapter 8, "The Role of the Military in the Policy Process"

Jordan, Chapter 8, "The Role of the Military in the Policy Process," pp. 179-183

Jordan, Chapter 6, "Homeland Security," pp. 138-141

Ingram, "Civil-Military Relations"

Jordan, Chapter 7, "Intelligence and National Security"

Jordan, Chapter 17, "Planning, Budgeting, and Management"

How the DoD Gets its Money

Enthoven and Smith, "Yardsticks of Sufficiency"

NDU, "The National Security Policy Process" pp. 44-48

Jordan, Chapter 10, "Making the System Work"

National Security Strategy, February 2015

Piffiner, Chapter 6, "The President and National Security," pp. 199-205

The Washington Post, DeYoung, "How the Obama White House Runs Foreign Policy," 4 Aug 2015

Ingram, "The Pluralist Description of Decisionmaking"

Jordan, Chapter 17, "Nuclear Policy," pp. 351-364


Council on Foreign Relations, "Independent Task Force Report #62: U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy," pp.22-28

"Nuclear Weapons: Who has them at a glance"

The Economist, "Nuclear Weapons: the new nuclear age"

2010 Nuclear Posture Review, pp. 15-43

NHPR, "Obama Pushing for Cuts, Agreeing to Upgrade," 25 May 2016

Carnegie Endowment, “The Plan for IAEA Safeguards,” Nov 2012

Brookings, Einhorn, “Non-Proliferation Challenges Facing the Trump Administration,” March 2017, pp. 1 & 2 and sections 3,4,5, & 7.

The Economist, "Nuclear Weapons," 2 May 2015

NYT, Sanger and Broadmarch, “As Nuclear Security Summit Begins, Materials Remain Vulnerable to Theft,” March 29, 2016

Nick Miller, Washington Post, “U.S. nonproliferation policy is an invisible success story,” 16 October 2014

ACA, "Iran Brief," 2015

STRATFOR, "U.S. Reviews its Stance on IRAN," 11 August 2017

Brookings, "Approaching the North Korean Challenge Realistically," 14 August 2017

Foreign Affairs, "The Korean Missile Crisis,: 10 Sep 2017

Brookings, Bader, "Diplomacy toward North Korea," 18 Sep 2017

Brookings, Pifer, “How Washington should respond to Russia’s missile treaty violation,” 7 Mar 2017

Jordan, Chapter 15, "Conventional War"

Jordan, Chapter 16, "Irregular Challenges, Military Intervention, and Counterinsurgency"

vu-graphs, "Hoffman's views on military interventions"

Zoellick, "Fragile States: Securing Development" The Keynote Address at the IISS Global Strategic Review, 9/2008

Thurer, "An Internal Challenge"

Conroy, Cato Institute

Ingram, vu-graphs, "When Thinking about Miliary Intervention"


Foreign Affairs, Sadt and McChrystal, "Staying the Course in Afghanistan," Nov/Dec 2017


Foreign Affairs, Sky, "Mission Still not Accomplished in Iraq," Nov/Dec 2017


Jordan, Chapter 14, “Asymmetric Conflict, Terrorism, and Preemption,” pp. 297-300

Inter-University Center for Terrorism, Sample, “Combating Terrorism: The Role of Intelligence,” July 2016, pp 11-14

Brookings, Byman, “How to fight Terrorism in the Donald Trump Era,” 31 Dec 2016

The Economist, 28 September 2013, Leader: “Al-Qaeda returns”

NYT, Barum and Saad, “As ISIS Role in Syria Wanes, Other Conflicts Take the Stage,” 19 Oct 2017


Jordan, Chapter 13, "Military Power," pp. 279-281

Sherwood-Randall, “Alliances and American National Security.” pp. 1-19

NYT, "What the U.S. gets for Defending its Allies and Interests Abroad,"16 Jan 2017

The American National Interest, Schake, "NATO withiout Anerica," 25 May 2017

The American National Interest, Weinrod, 'WE Still Need NATO," 15 Jan 2016

NATO, map


Business Insider, “10 Maps that Explain Russia’s Strategy,” 1 Feb 2016

Carnegie Moscow, Trenin, “Demands on Russian Foreign Policy and Its Drivers,” 19 Oct 2017

The Economist, “Inside the Bear,” 22 Oct 2016

Foreign Affairs, Kotkin, “Russia’s Perpetual Geopolitics,” May/June 2016

Allison and Blackwell, “Russia and U.S. National Interests” Oct 2011

BBC, Marcus, “How much of a threat does Russia pose, and to whom,” 30 May 2017

Foreign Affairs, Daalder, “Responding to Russia’s Resurgence Not Quiet on the Eastern Front,” 26 October 2017

The Economist, “The threat from Russia,” 22 Oct 2016


Business Insider, “5 Maps that Explain China’s Strategy,” 6 Jan 2196

Asia Society, Seybolt, “China, Korea, Japan: Forgiveness and Mourning,” Oct 2017

STRATFOR, “The Geo-politics of China: A Great Power Enclosed,” May 2017

Brookings, Pollack, “Changes and prospects of regional stability in East Asia: A U.S. perspective,” 25 Jan 2016

Foreign Affairs, Swaine, “The Real Challenge in the Pacific,” May/June 2015

The Polish Institute of Foreign Affairs, Szczudlik, “Threats of Security in East Asia,” 21 Mar 2017

Morality in International Relations

UN.org, "Background Note -- Responsibility to Protect"

Washington Post, "Doe the U.S. has a 'Responsibility to Protect' the Syrian People?"

Perry, "Technology and National Security: Risks and Responsibilities," April 2003

The Economist: "War in the fifth dimension"

ZDNet, Ranger, "Cyberwar: A Guide to the Frightning Future of Online Conflict. " 20 Aug 2107

Menashri, Cyber Attack

NDU, "Political Flux in a Nonpolar World"

NBC, Briggs, "Is Climate Change Real? The Pentagon Sure Thinks so"

Jordan, Chapter 25, "Globalization and Human Security"

Haass, “Where to go From Here: Rebooting American Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2017