Writing for POLT 560

Exam I

Exam II

Exam III


Geography Quiz


Quiz 1

Quiz 2


Quiz 3


Quiz 4


Quiz 5


Guatemala Task


Nuclear Task




Unknown, “Political Socialization”


Ingram, vu-graph, "Getting from A to B"


Ingram, vu-graph, "Bounded Rational Thought"


Ingram, “Factors of Causation”


Vu-graph, Ingram, vu-graph, “Global Players”

Vu-graph, Ingram, vu-graph, “The State”

Vu-graph, Ingram, vu-graph, “Nations and Nationalism

Paul, “Nations and States," parts 1 and 2


NDU, Global Strategic Assessment 2009, Chapter 2, “Political Flux in a Non-Polar World ,” pp. 36-38


Serfaty, Moving into a Post-Western World"


Haass, "The Age of Non-polarity"


New World Encyclopedia, " Decolonization" (You cannot use the online access.)


The Map as History

Ingram, vu-graph, “Tiers”


Rotberg, "The New Nature of Nation-State Failure"

Ingram, vu-graph, “Indicators of Failed or Failing States”


The Fund for Peace, press release, 2015


The Fund for Peace, indicators


The Fund for Peace, rankings, 2015


Paul, “Nations and States," part 4

Ingram, “Why States Exist, Are Important, and Will Be Long-Lasting


from Kenneth Waltz, Man, the State and War

Ingram, vu-graph, “Sovereignty”


Ingram, vu-graph, “Anarchy”


Ingram, “Some notes on Ethnicity”

Muller, “Us and Them – The Enduring Power of Ethnic Nationalism,” Foreign Affairs, Mar-Apr 2008


McClelland, “The Function of Theory in International Relations,” The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Sep 1960, page 303-through the first full paragraph on page 304


Snyder, “One World, Rival Theories,” Foreign Policy, Nov 2004 

Ikenberry, “The Future of the Liberal World Order, Foreign Affairs,” May-June 2012

Walt, “International Relations: One World, many Theories,” Foreign Policy, Spring 1998


IR Theory Website: "IR Paradigms, Approaches, and Theoies," 3 April 2015


Ingram, vu-graph, "Policy, Getting from A to B"


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of Causation”


Power Point -- Causation


Ingram, “Bounded Rational Policy Analysis”


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of National Interest”

from Hiscox, “The Domestic Sources of Foreign Economic Policies,” Ravenhill, Global Political Economy


Transnational Issues


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of Power” 

My website: Spero and Hart, Chapter 9, “Oil and Politics,” The Politics of International Economic Relations, (Cengage: Boston, 2010), pp. 355-361

Ingram, vu-graph, “Diplomacy”

Ingram, vu-graph, “The Functions of Diplomacy”

Ingram, vu-graph, “Dealing with Other States”


Ingram, vu-graph,"Negotiations"


Ingram, vu-graph, Conflict Management


Ingram, vu-graph, “Crisis Management”

Cox and Hurst, “George Bush and the Diplomacy of German Integration,” Diplomacy & Statecraft, Dec 2002


Wittig, “Moscow’s Acceptance of NATO,” Europe-Asia Studies (1993)


BBC Maps of Europe 1989-1991


Freedman and Karsh, “How Kuwait Was Won: Strategy in the Gulf War,” International Security, Autumn 1991


Christian Science Monitor, Coalition: USSR


NYT, Coalition: UN


Christian Science Monitor, Coalition Cohesion


Diehl, "Introduction," page 6

Hurd, excerpt from International Organizations, Cambridge University Press, 2010 


Sherwood-Randall, "Alliances and American National Security"


NATO Summit Guide, Warsaw, 8-9 July 2016


Daalder, "NATO in the 21st Century"


Power Point -- International Law


Haggard and Simmons, “Theories of International Regimes,” International Organizations, Summer 1987, pp. 491-498


Ingram, vu-graph. "People Power"

Richards, “Ethnicity: Concept and Meaning”

O’Neil, Chapter 3, “Nations and Society”


NYT, "African States Increasingly Silence Internet"


Nye, “Soft Power and American Foreign Policy,” Political  Science Quarterly, Vol. 119, No. 2 (Summer, 2004)


Ingram, vu-graph, "Two Kinds of Soft Power"


Ingram, “Morality and Ethical Reasoning in International Relations"


PowerPoint -- Morality


Powerpoint -- International Law


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of National Interest”


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of Power”                   

Ingram, “A Useful Description of Policy-Making"


Unknown, "Models of Organizational Decision-Making"


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of Causation”


Ingram, "Useful Phases of Policy Making"


PowerPoint -- Levels and Phases

Unknown, “Political Culture and Political Socialization”


Ingram, “A Useful Way to Organize Thinking about Policy-Making, sections: "Decision-Making in Small Groups" and "Individula and Decision-Making"

Outline of Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Relations, pages 3-5


Ingram, “A Useful Concept of National Interest,” pp. 1-3

Caldwell, Chapter 1, “The Meaning of Security Today”


Powerpoint (security)


Ingram, vu-graph, "What is a Strategy?"


Ingram, vu-graph, “The Concepts of Victory and Military Victory"


Ingram, vu-graph, “Cost/Benefit Analysis”


Ingram, vu-graph, "Limited War"


Powerpoint (lessons for 23,24,28 March)


Spinicci, maps


Jordan, Chapter 15, "Conventional War"


Jordan, Chapter 13, "Military Power," pp, 275-277


Ingram, vu-graph, “Deterrence”


Ingram, vu-graph, “Compellence”


Ingram, vu-graph, “Crisis Management”


"Nuclear Order of Battle, 1962"

Sherwin, "The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50: In Search of Historical Perspective," Fall 2012

The Malin Notes: "Glimpses Inside the Kremlin during the Cuban Missile Crisis," Fall 2012

Gavin, National Interest, "Lessons from the Cuban Missile Crisis," 26 Oct 2012


vu-graphs (Hoffman’s views on military interventions)


Thurer, "An Internal Challenge"


Ingram, vu-graph, "When thinking about military intervention"


Jordan, Chapter 16, "Irregular Challenges, Military Intervention, and Counterinsurgency"


Jordan, Chapter 14, "Asymmetric Conflict, Terriorism, and Premption," pp. 297-300


Ingram, vu-graph, “Prevention and Preemption”



March 11, 1952-National Intelligence Estimate

February 13, 1953-Letter From the Ambassador to Guatemala (Schoenfeld) to the Secretary of State's Special Assistant for Intelligence (Armstrong)

September 11, 1953-Memorandum for Director of Central Intelligence (Smith)

2010, Project on National Security Reform, "Reversing the Revolution"

Cyber Threats and Security:


The Economist: "War in the fifth dimension"

White House, "Cyber Threat Intelligence Integration Center"

Mensashri and Baram, "Critical Infrastructures"

Schneider, "Computer Network Exploitation"

The Nuclear World in 2017


Arms Control Association, “Nuclear Weapons Who Has Then at a Glance,” Jan 2017

Jordan, Chapter17, “Nuclear Policy,” pp. 351-355

The Economist, “Nuclear Weapons: the new nuclear age”


2010 Nuclear Posture Review, pp. 15-43

Summary of the N.P.T.

Carnegie Endowment, “The Plan for IAEA Safeguards,” Nov 2012

Brookings, Einhorn, “Non-Proliferation Challenges Facing the Trump Administration,” March 2017, pp. 1 & 2 and sections 3,4,5, & 7.


NYT, Sanger and Broadmarch, “As Nuclear Security Summit Begins, Materials Remain Vulnerable to Theft,” March 29, 2016

Nick Miller, Washington Post, “U.S. nonproliferation policy is an invisible success story,” 16 October 2014

The Economist, “What you need to know about Iran’s landmark nuclear deal”

The New York Times, “Future Risks of an Iran Nuclear Deal”

The Washington Post, Miller and Rabinowitz, “Why the Iran deal is a logical extension of U.S. nonproliferation policy,” April 21, 2014

NYT, Sanger, “Iran Sticks to Terms of the Nuclear Deal, but Defies the U.S. in other ways,” 13 July 2016

Brookings, Einhorn, “Non-Proliferation Challenges Facing the Trump Administration,” March 2017, section 1 & 2

Brookings, Jones and Pollard, “North Korea brings out Trump’s serious side,” 7 Mar 2017

Brookings, Pifer, “How Washington should respond to Russia’s missile treaty violation,” 7 Mar 2017



Oatley, Chapter 4, "The International Political Economy"


Kruger, "The World Economy at the Start of the 21st Century," April 6, 2006


Ingram, “The Economic Instrument of Power”


Ingram, PowerPoint: Two International Economic Theories (TBD)


Ingram, PowerPoint: The Benefits of Trade (TBD)


The Congressional Research Service

The Economist, "Why everyone is so keen to agree new trade deals"

NYT, Porter, "Why Dropping the TransPacific Partnership May be a Bad Idea"

NYT, Appelbaum, "Why Are Politicians So Obsessed with Manufacturing?"

Foreign Policy, Admniral Stavridis


The Economist, "State Capitalism, Theme and Variations"


The Economist, "What kind of Capitalism"


World Economic Forum, "State of the Illicit Economy"


Ingram, PowerPoint: The Purposes of International Finance


The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, Stein, “Balance of Payments“

Boundless, “Exchange Rate Systems”


Forbes, McTeer, "The Role of Foreign Trade on GDP"


IMF, A Factsheet, “How the IMF Helps to Resolve Balance of Payments Difficulties”

The Economist, “The global monetary system: Not floating, but flailing,” 5 July 2014


Zoellick, “Fragile States: Securing Development” The Keynote Address at the IISS Global Strategic Review, 9/2008

UN, “Human Development Indicators”


UN,“Human Development Report, 2013, Summary (complete)”


The Economist, "The Geography of Poverty"


NYT, "UN Says World Faces"


UN, "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"


"Are Human Rights Universal?"


Donnelly, "The Relative Universality of Human Rights"


The Economist, "The politics of human rights"


The Economist, "Righting wrongs"


Backgrounder on R2P


Global Centre for Human Rights, R2P



Sustainable Development

NBC, "Is Climate Change Real?

"The Tragedy of the Commons"

Brundtland Commission Report, Chapter 2

Ingram, "Some Economic Concepts"

Porter, "Imaging a World Without Growth"

WSJ, "New Limits to Growth"

Serfaty, "Moving into a Post-Western World"