POLT 403: The U.S. in World Affairs




Writing in POLT 403

Essay #1 due 18 April (Europe): readings in e.mail

Essay #2 due 25 April (East Asia): readings in e.mail

Essay #3 due 2 May (Morality in IR): readings in e.mail

Take-home essays for Exam I

Take-home essays for Exam II

Take-home essays for Exam III

Essay #1 (military interventions): the readings are not in an e.mail, but below on this website

Essay #2 (Terrorists): the readings are not in an e.mail, but below on this website

Essay #3 (Russia): readings in e.mail

Essay #4 (Human Rights): readings in e.mail

Essay #5 (Human Development): tasks and readings in e.mail

Essay #6 (Sustainability): task and readings in e.mail


Ingram, vu-graph, "Your Orientation to Foreign Affairs"

Ingram, vu-graph, “Policy”

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Seven Factors of Causation"

Power Point Lesson 1

Ingram, vu-graph, "Political Culture and Political Socialization"

Jervis, an outline from Perception and Misperception in International Relations, Chapter 4, "Cognitive Consistency and the Interaction between Theory and Data," and Chapter 6, "How Decision-Makers Learn from History," pp. 3-5

Snyder, "One World, Rival Theories," Foreign Policy, Nov 2004

Pitner, "How to Analyze the News"

Ingram, "Considering Course Material"

"World Newspapers and Magazines" (Click on search by country, then look for the papers in English.)

Power Point Lesson 2

Ingram, vu-graph, "Global Players"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The State"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Nations and Nationalism"

Paul, "Nations and States," parts 1, 2, and 4

Ingram, vu-graph, "Why States Exist"

from Kenneth Waltz, from Man, the State and War

Ingram, vu-graph, "Sovereignty"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Anarchy"

Power Point Lesson 3

Ingram, "The Economic Instrument of Power"

The Map as History, "History of Decolonization and Independence in the 20th Century" (You cannot use the online access.)

Ingram, vu-graph, "Tiers"

Rotberg, "The New Nature of Nation-State Failure"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Indicators of Failed or Failing States"

The Fund for Peace, press release, 2015

The Fund for Peace, indicators

The Fund for Peace, rankings, 2015

Power Point Lesson 4

Ingram, "Bounded Rational Policy Analysis"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Policy, Getting from A to B"

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of National Interests and Goals"

Power Point Lesson 5

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of Power"

Power Point Lesson 6

Ingram, vu-graph, "Diplomacy"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Functions of Diplomacy"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Dealing with Other States"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Negotiations"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Conflict Management"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Crisis Management"

Power Point Lesson 7

Ingram, Vu-graph, "Deterrence"

Ingram, Vu-graph, "Compellence"

"Nuclear Order of Battle, 1962"

Sherwin, "The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50: In Search of Historical Perspective" (more critical view)

The Malin Notes: "Glimpses Inside the Krelin during the Cuban Missile Crisis," Fall 2012

Gavin, National Interest, "Lessons from the Cuban Misile Crisis," 26 Oct 2012

Power Point Lesson 8

Cox and Hurst, "George Bush and the diplomacy of German unification," Diplomacy and statecraft, Dec 2002

BBC - "Maps of Europe 1989-1991" (Click on map to see the sequence.)

Ingram, "Preemption and Prevention"

Power Point Lesson 9

Ingram, vu-graph, "Policy, Getting from A to B"

Ingram, "A Useful Concept of Causation"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Why Did the Cold War End?"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Why Did the USSR Collapse?"

Power Point Lesson 10

Power Point Lesson 10A

Power Point Lesson 10 added

Ingram, "Decision-making Models"

Ingram, "A Useful Description of Decision-Making"

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch"

Power Point Lesson 11

Jordan, Chapter 5, "Congress"

The State Department

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch," pp. 86-91

Power Point Lesson 12

Jordan, Chapter 6, "Homeland Security," pp. 124-141

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch," pp. 93-95

Jordan, Chapter 7, "Intelligence and National Security"

Power Point Lesson 13 Homeland Security

Power Point Lesson 13 Intelligence

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch," pp. 91-93

Jordan, Chapter 8, "Role of the Military in the Policy Process"

Enthoven and Smith

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch," pp. 81-86

Jordan, Chapter 10, "Putting the Piece Together" pp. 214-217 and 225-227

Jordan, Chapter 4, "Presidential Leadership and the Executive Branch"

Piffiner, Chapter 6, "The President and National Security"

The Washington Post, "How the ObamaWhite House Runs Foreign Policy"

Power Point Lesson 14

Caldwell, Chapter 1, "The Meaning of Security Today"

The Economist: "War in the fifth dimension"

Menashri, Cyber Attack


Power Point (What is Security & Cyberwar)

Ingram, "When Thinking about Military Intervention"

Jordan, Chapter 16, 'Irregular Challenges, Military Intervention, and Counterinsurgency"

vu-graphs, Hoffman's views on military interventions

Conry, Cato Institute Policy, "Analysis No. 209: The Futility of U.S. Intervention in Regional Conflicts," May 19, 1994

Power Point (Military Intervention)

Jordan, Chapter 14, “Asymmetric Conflict, Terrorism, and Preemption,” pp. 297-303

The Economist, “ Al Qaeda: The other jihadist state,” 17 Sep 2016 Sep 17th 2016

Council on Foreign Relations, Laub, “Backgrounder: The Islamic State,” 10 Aug 2016

Jordan, Chapter 23, "Europe," pp.493-497

Power Point (Russia)

Power Point (East Asia)

Power Point (Human Rights)

Power Point (Morality in IR)

Ingram, "Morality and Ethical Reasoning in International Relations"

Roberta Cohen, "Integrating Human Rights in US Foreign Policy: the History, the Challenges, and the Criteria for an Effective Policy," Foreign Service Institute, 2008

Power Point (Human Development)

UN, "Human Development Indicators"

UN, "Summary, Human Development Report, 2013," pp. 1-8"

Zoellick, "Fragile States: Securing Development" The Keynote Address at the IISS Global Strategic Review, 9/2008

Tragedy of the Commons


Some Economic Concepts



Ingram, Vu-graph "Necessary for a Constitutional Democracy"

Ingram, Vu-graph, "Access"

Ingram, vu-graph, "The Public Interest"

Ingram, vu-graph, "Rule of Law"

Gideon Rose, "Democracy Promotion and American Foreign Policy"

Ingram, "Some Basic Economic Concepts"

from Hiscox, "The Domestic Sources of Foreign Economic Policies," Ravenhill, Global Political Economy

from Oatley, Chapter 4, "The International Political Economy," pp. 121-126

Sub-Topic: TransPacific Partnership - Case Study (TBD)

Overview of U.S. Trade Agencies

Defense Strategic Guidance, January 2012

Jordan, Chapter 15, "Conventional War"

Brooks, Ikenberry, Wohlforth, Foreign Affairs, "Lean Forward, In Defense of American Engagement," Jan/Feb 2013

Posen, Foreign Affairs, "Pull Back, The Case for a Less Activist Foreign Policy," Jan/Feb 2013 2008

2010 Nuclear Posture Review, pp. 15-35

The Economist, March 7th-13th 2015, "Briefing: Nuclear Weapons," pp. 23-260

"Nuclear Weapons: Who has them"

NDU, Global Strategic Assessment, 2009, Chapter 8, "The Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction," 176-178 and 180-181

Carnegie Endowment, Mark Hibbs, "The Plan for IAEA Safeguards" (Nov 2012)

Council on Foreign Relations, "Independent Task Force Report #62: U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy," pp. 46-67.

Summary of the NPT

Wan, "Why the 2015 NPT Review Conferences Fell Apart," May 28, 2015


Brookings Pillar, "ISIS in Perspective," 25 August 2014

Brookings, Hein, "The Big Questions on ISIS," 7 November 2014

Jordan, Chapter 14, "Asymmetric Conflict, Terrorism, and Preemption," pp. 297-303

The Economist, 28 September 2013, Leader: "Al-Qaeda returns" (TBD)

The Economist, 28 September 2013, "The state of Al-Qaeda" (TBD)

from the UN's Human Development Report 1999

IMF, "Globalization, a Brief Overview"

Diehl, "Introduction" The Politics of Global Governance: International Organizations in an Independent World, page 6

Hurd, excerpt from International Organizations, Cambridge University Press, 2010

ngram, Vu-graph, "Victory" and "Military Victory"

Ingram. Vu-graph, "Limited War"

Spinicci's Maps

Watts, "Arms Race," Encyclopedia of the Cold War (2008)

O'Neil, Chapter 3, "Nations and Society"

Ingram, Vu-graph, "People Power"

Jordan, Chapter 11, 'Shaping the International Environment," pp. 239-243

Information Instrument of Power

Ingram, Vu-graph, 'Two Kinds of Soft Power"


March 11, 1952-National Intelligence Estimate

February 13, 1953-Letter From the Ambassador to Guatemala (Schoenfeld) to the Secretary of State's Special Assistant for Intelligence (Armstrong)

September 11, 1953-Memorandum for Director of Central Intelligence (Smith)

2010, Project on National Security Reform, "Reversing the Revolution"

Ingram, "A Useful Sequence of Policy Making"

Haas, Chapter 8, "Conclusion" and "Afterword: Summer 1994 to Summer 1999"